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Kenya, UK sign new five-year defence pact

President Kenyatta at Mansion House, the Official Residence of the Lord Mayor of London, where he attended the Kenya-UK Investment Forum. PSCU PHOTO

Kenya and the UK have signed a five-year Defence Cooperation Agreement (DCA) to tackle shared threats across East Africa.

The two countries signed the agreement in a side event during President Kenyatta’s three-day Guest of Government visit to the UK.

Kenya’s CS for Defence, Dr Monica Juma, and UK Defence Secretary Ben Wallace, signed the new DCA ON Tuesday evening at the Ministry of Defence offices in London.

The agreement will anchor the defence priorities between the two nations over the next five years.

The signing of the DCA comes six months after the two defence secretaries met in Nairobi, agreeing a refreshed Security Compact to deepen wider stability and security cooperation, part of the Kenya-UK strategic partnership.

The new DCA, once ratified by the Kenyan and UK Parliaments, will allow our militaries to share expertise, experience and techniques, making both forces more effective.

“It was great to meet Dr Monica Juma again today. We held very fruitful discussions and agreed on a range of measures to keep both of our countries safer. Kenya has long been our defence partner of choice in East Africa and, in a more uncertain world, we will continue to stand shoulder-to-shoulder as we tackle the threats of tomorrow,” Mr Wallace said.

“The framework underpinning this strategic relationship is the Defence Cooperation Agreement which has become an invaluable tool for enhancing the competencies of our defence forces. Overall our cooperation continues to significantly improve the ability of our forces to operate effectively in high-threat environments,” Dr Juma said.

Under the current agreement, the UK has provided an annual training of over 1, 100 KDF soldiers, with courses in the UK, or with UK military training teams in Kenya.

Further training has also been provided through the UK-funded Counter-IED Wing at the Humanitarian Peace Support School (HPSS) in Embakasi.

Since its opening in 2016, over 2,000 military and police from 22 countries have been trained in CIED skills and 40 CIED instructors developed, significantly improving the ability of African Union (AU) forces to operate effectively in high-threat environments, including against Al Shabaab.

The UK has also provided extensive support to infrastructure projects at the KDF’s School of Infantry, which include an urban village, a Forward Operating Base (FOB), and an assault course, all which prepare more than 600 KDF personnel for deployment in the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).

The UK has been supporting AMISOM Troop contributing countries since 2010, through the Short Term Training Teams (STTTs) from the British Army, which costs KES43M annually.

Last month, UK handed over a multipurpose training facility to the Kenyan Navy with firefighting equipment alongside the Danish government.

The facility will also be available to other maritime agencies to conduct their firefighting and sea survival training, which is essential for deployment at sea. This will go a long way in helping the Kenyan Navy progress towards becoming a centre of excellence in maritime safety. –

How customer’s complaint to Jamii Telecom led to his arrest over suspected fraud

The Directorate of Criminal Investigations (DCI) has lost its bid to detain a Nigerian national suspected of fraudulently siphoning airtime from Jamii Telecommunications.

Milimani senior principal magistrate Caroline Muthoni Njagi declined a request by DCI to detain Mr Tokunbo Abiodun Banjo for ten days so as to complete investigations on the alleged organised online theft.

The magistrate instead released the suspect on a cash bail of Sh100,000 with two Kenyan sureties and ordered him to cooperate with the investigators. He was also ordered to surrender his passport.

While arguing for his detention, the DCI said Mr Banjo was working with other people not before the court and could be a flight risk.

Ms Yvonne Anyango, a certified fraud examiner and police officer attached to DCI’s Serious Crime Unit, told court that the suspect was arrested on July 26, 2021 on suspicion of stealing airtime.

She said he was using 14 SIM cards to obtain money in form of airtime from unsuspecting credit card holders.

Fishy activity

The court heard that on July 23, 2021, Jamii Telecommunications Ltd noticed fraudulent activity from its system, whereby suspected criminals were using its lines to steal airtime. The company suspended operations of the mobile phone lines to pave way for further investigations.

The incident was later reported to the police by Julius Kiplagat, a Jamii Telcom security manager.

The suspect was arrested after he went to Jamii Telcom’s offices in Upper Hill, Nairobi to complain that his line was suspended.

A customer care officer counter-checked his details and found that the line was among those used in the suspected fraud scheme and, consequently, informed the security manager who informed officers at Capitol Hill Police Station.

Victims across the world

Ms Anyango told court that some victims of the offences are foreigners residing in diverse countries across the globe.

“Preliminary investigations demonstrate that offences in question may have involved several actors towards a scheme of conspiracy and, thus, it will necessitate detailed investigations to uncover the entire scheme and have perpetrators prosecuted,” said the detective.

She explained that the investigations will include recordings of statements from diverse witnesses, some of which will necessitate consulting foreign diplomatic offices in Kenya, further forensic analysis and tracking of more suspects.

She described the suspect as a flight risk, noting that tracing him could be difficult because he’s a foreigner.

“Due to the bulky nature of the data and digital evidence involved, the investigating teams at DCI and Jamii Telecom are yet to comprehensively compile and analyse relevant data,” said the police officer.

Kenyan fiancée

The suspect had opposed the DCI’s request t detain him. He explained that although he is a foreigner, he has a Kenyan fiancée ready to stand for his surety and guarantee his court attendance.

He further said that he is a mere suspect and that the DCI is on a fishing expedition for evidence to sustain a charge.

The case will be mentioned on August 12, 2021 when the police will inform the court on the progress of investigations. –

US media uncovers Kenyans helping American students cheat in exams

Cheating in college is nothing new. You did not invent it. As a matter of fact, you probably wrote a mwakenya in your day. No one is judging.

However, with the advancement of the internet, exam cheating has become a global, industrialized business and cash-strapped Kenyan graduates are in the thick of it.

CBS has uncovered a thriving, illegal essay-writing industry in Kenya that is assisting American students in cheating their way to the top of their classes.

Smart Kenyan graduates, according to the media outlet, have been eking out a living by assisting American students in colleges and reputable universities cheat in their exams by writing essays and even completing entire college degrees.

The industry is known as ‘contract cheating,’ and it has raised concerns about whether universities will end up becoming degree or diploma mills, given that some students do not even show up in class in some states.

According to the CBS, Kenyan graduates who are unable to find work have turned to illegal cheating to supplement their income, with some earning up to Ksh.200,000 per month.

According to the outlet, a Kenyan writer identified only as William earns at least Ksh.250,000 per month from writing gigs.

A tidy sum by all accounts.

William claims to have completed an entire undergraduate degree for an American student and is currently pursuing a Master’s degree for the same student.

“The client has promised me that I will also do their PhD,” William told CBS.

The Kenyan contract cheats are so good that William recalls being told to dumb down his writing after a student for whom he wrote a paper received 97 out of a possible 100.

The British and Australian governments led a campaign against the practice in 2019.

In the United States, the industry is thriving, and it’s especially difficult to shut down because essays aren’t plagiarized.

They are original works, just written by the wrong person. –


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UK makes Sh20bn investment in Kenya’s Big Four projects

President Uhuru Kenyatta is pictured with Kenyan and British officials during his tour of the United Kingdom on July 27, 2021.

UK Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab announced a Sh5.2 billion of UK Aid is to be matched by Sh3.5 billion of private investment to finance 10,000 green affordable homes for Kenyans.
The United Kingdom has announced Sh20 billion of new government and private investment into Big Four Projects, including affordable housing and manufacturing.

This comes as President Uhuru Kenyatta begins his three-day tour of London, which will culminate in him co-chairing the Global Education Summit with Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Friday.

Speaking at Mansion House in London, UK Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab announced a Sh5.2 billion of UK Aid is to be matched by Sh3.5 billion of private investment to finance 10,000 green affordable homes for Kenyans.

“This Sh20 billion package of new UK-Kenya deals from the UK government and British firms will support investment in the region, including building new green affordable homes, connecting households to clean energy, and boosting manufacturing, Mr Raab said.

He added: “This package of investments will create new jobs and unlock new opportunities for UK and Kenyan businesses by strengthening the relationship between Nairobi and the City of London.”

The quality homes for low and middle-income families will be energy and water efficient and will contribute to Kenya’s goal of building 500,000 new affordable homes by 2022.

Climate transition

Mr Kenyatta’s first day of the tour focused heavily on trade, business and climate change.

The President will also meet COP26 President Alok Sharma at the Kew Gardens to celebrate progress on the Kenya-UK Year of Climate Action.

In this regard, the UK also announced Sh550 million of new funding to accelerate Kenya’s climate transition, including projects supporting renewable energy, clean cooling, and forest restoration – including Kaptagat Forest.

Mr Kenyatta is also expected to ink several economic and security deals on the back of the trade agreement Kenya signed in December with Britain, to ensure an uninterrupted flow of goods between the two nations upon the UK’s exit from European Union trading arrangements.

The UK Foreign Secretary is further expected to announce the launch of the Nairobi International Financial Centre (NIFC), in partnership with the City of London. This partnership will deepen links between Kenya and London, the world’s leading financial centre – cementing Nairobi’s status as a financial hub.

Ukur Yatani, Kenya’s Cabinet Secretary National Treasury and Planning, said that through collaboration with partners like The CityUK, the NIFC will attract increased investment and financing into the country.

This will contribute to wider efforts to drive economic growth following the pandemic and support achievement of economic goals under Kenya’s Vision 2030 roadmap.

Electric cars

The UK will also provide Sh67 million in new UK funding for policy advice and technical assistance to support the development of green manufacturing in Kenya, including manufacturing of electric vehicles.

This builds on the UK’s Manufacturing Africa programme, which has already supported Sh4.2 billion of new manufacturing investment into Kenya.

The third deal will be the completion of the Sh33 billion Kipeto Wind Farm, backed by the UK’s Actis in partnership with the US Government.

Jane Marriott, the British High Commissioner to Kenya, said the newly announced UK-Kenya partnerships have the interests of Kenyans at their core.

“Our significant support on affordable housing and green opportunities will deliver sustainable jobs, building on the success our long-lasting friendship,” she said.

Earlier this year, the UK and Kenya ratified a new Economic Partnership Agreement to provide continuity for Sh200 billion of annual trade between Kenya and the UK, including duty and quota free access to the British market for Kenyan exports.

Mr Raab also announced today the UK Government will help Kenyan firms take advantage of this trade deal, by funding a Sh2.7 billion digital customs system to help smooth trade. –

UK demands Uhuru Covid test before London trip

President Uhuru Kenyatta.

Britain will demand a top mark Covid-19 test from President Uhuru Kenyatta and his team ahead of entering London today after being exempted from the ban on Kenyan travellers.

The Kenyan delegation will be required to take the PCR [Polymerase chain reaction] test — the most advanced of the three main Covid-19 tests which reveals whether someone has the virus very early on in their illness.

The UK is keen to guard the safety of its Prime Minister Boris Johnson and the royal family who will interact with Kenya’s officials during the three-day trip.

The trip, the first President Kenyatta is making in UK in 18 months, comes days after London retained Kenya on England’s “Red List” amid concerns about the spread of new Covid-19 variants.

Travellers arriving in the UK from countries on the Red List are denied entry, while returning Britons must submit to 10 days of mandatory quarantine in hotels.

Mr Kenyatta is expected to ink several economic and security deals on the back of the trade agreement Kenya signed in December with Britain to ensure an uninterrupted flow of goods between the two nations upon the UK’s exit from European Union trading arrangements.

“Whole delegation took a PCR test. They are exempt from quarantine as with the G7 earlier this year, and other major diplomatic events and summits you’ve seen in other parts of Europe too,” a top UK official who requested anonymity told the Business Daily.

He added that the test was mandatory for all in Kenya’s delegation, including the President, ahead of the UK trip.

The UK travel ban has added weight to the decision of more than 50 countries denying access to Kenyans in the global race to protect nations against new variants of the coronavirus.

In May, Kenya lifted the ban on flights between Nairobi and London and eased restrictions imposed in retaliation to its inclusion in the Red List.

The UK has segmented countries into a green, amber and red lists, each carrying different degrees of restrictions for arrivals. A British citizen travelling from a Green List is not required to undergo a mandatory quarantine.

The UK claims its decisions, with the latest update coming in mid-July, are based on scientific evidence on the incidence of deadly and highly contagious Covid-19 strains.

The rapidly transmissible Covid-19 Delta variant, first identified in India, is dominant in western Kenya, where it was initially detected in the country.

The government imposed restrictions on movement in the region to try and stem the variant from spreading nationwide.

Most countries are preparing to sign off on plans for unrestricted travel for people who have had both jabs.

About 1.67 million people have been inoculated so far in Kenya, of which 625,680 got their second doses.

The government expects to receive 13 million Johnson & Johnson vaccine doses from August and targets inoculating more than 10 million people by the end of December and the entire 26 million adult population by the end of 2022.

Kenya had 197,959 confirmed Covid-19 cases and 3,872 deaths, with a positivity rate of 13.5 percent.

The UK’s decision has delivered yet another devastating blow to tourism not only in Kenya but across the continent.

With a number of Middle East and African countries on the Red List, Nairobi has been the last major hub for connecting flights into the UK.

Britain is one of Kenya’s most important trading partners, absorbing most of its tea, cut flowers and fresh vegetable exports. In 2019, it accounted for the fourth largest arrivals through Jomo Kenyatta International Airport with 181,400 visitors.

In return, it supplies machinery, cars, pharmaceuticals and electronics. There had been concerns among businesses that Brexit could jeopardise the trade ties between the two nations, closing off an important source of hard currency, investments and jobs for the former British colony.

The December deal granted Kenyan goods duty-free and quota-free access to Britain.

“Alongside meeting Prime Minister Johnson for talks at his residency, President Kenyatta will jointly announce major investments into the Big Four projects on affordable housing, manufacturing and health partnerships,” said a joint press release that announced the UK visit.

The UK has been keen to stress that it prioritises its relationship with former colonies, including Kenya and Nigeria, Africa’s biggest economy and most populous nation.

Besides the UK, Australia, Argentina, Belgium, Cambodia, Canada, Portugal, Denmark, Bulgaria and Singapore top the list of countries that have banned or placed restrictions on holders of Kenyan passports. Others are Hong Kong, Bangladesh, Chile, Czech Republic, Cyprus and Cameroon, which Henley & Partners lists as the only African country to place restrictions on Kenya.

The Henley Passport Index made the revelations showing how the virus has hurt travel. –

KQ drone licence to cost pilots Sh180,000

Geoffrey Nyaga, head of operations at Astral Aerial Solutions flies a spraying drone over a farm in Narok on February 10, 2021.

Aspiring drone pilots seeking to train with Kenya Airways will part with Sh180,000 for a month course to obtain a Remote Pilot License (RPL) as the national carrier moves to diversify its revenue stream in the wake of low demand for passengers.

KQ through its Fahari subsidiary, has opened training course for those interested in operating drones but do not have licences, which is a prerequisite by the civil aviation agency.

KQ’s technical director Evans Kihara in a response to Business Daily queries said the charges will exclude the cost of obtaining a Class 3 aviation medical exam which costs about Sh10,000.

“We have an introductory price of Sh180,000 for a Remote Pilot License (RPL) training course. The raining will take four weeks and will comprise theory and practical sessions,” said Mr Kihara yesterday.

The carrier has for a long time been relying on passengers as the main source of revenue but it is now looking at new areas of investment with an eye on the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Currently, passenger contributes over 85 percent of the airline’s revenue with cargo accounting for about 10 percent. Mr Kihara said that trainees must be 18 years of age, be proficient in the English language and have completed an Aviation Class 3 medical exam.

The announcement comes barely a few months after the Kenya Civil Aviation Authority (KCAA) legalised the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in the country, triggering what is shaping up to be a commercial drone delivery race.

A number of firms have announced their drone operations in Kenya among them Astral Aviation, which is targeting the use of the UAVs in traffic management, training of drone pilots and mapping activities.

Others are Adriana and Drone Space, which have been licensed by KCAA.

Drone firms in the country are targeting to use these UAVs for photography, traffic management and mapping, especially on agricultural farms.

KCAA operationalised the new rules after they were approved by the Cabinet Secretary Ministry of Transport James Macharia under legal Notice No.4 of 2021 on 22 January 2021.

The approval of the regulations paved the way for full implementation of the Unmanned Aircraft Systems regulatory framework in Kenya.

Kenya Airways (KQ) has also partnered with a United Kingdom-based logistics firm to offer drone services as it seeks to diversify its income source and cut reliance on passenger travel, which has been hard hit by the Covid-19 pandemic.

The national carrier inked a memorandum of understanding with Skyports to collaborate on launching drone operations in the country. –

Kenyans can now enter South Sudan without visa

Foreign Affairs Principal Secretary Macharia Kamau.

Kenyans are free to enter South Sudan without a visa following a bilateral deal that saw Nairobi opens its market to citizens of the neighbouring country in line with East African Community (EAC) rules.

Foreign Affairs Principal Secretary Macharia Kamau said the waiver takes effective immediately pending the signing of a labour agreement that will offer rules for foreign workers.

Mr Kamau said the move that comes at a time Kenya has also scrapped visa and permit requirements for South Sudan nationals is in line with existing integration protocol at the East African Community (EAC).

“The Republic of Kenya has waived the requirement of obtaining a visa to enter Kenya for the citizens of the Republic of South Sudan who hold a valid Passport issued by the Government of the Republic of South Sudan,” said Mr Kamau in a statement yesterday.

“Premised on the principle of reciprocity, the Republic of South Sudan has also waived visa requirements for Kenyans wishing to visit their country.”

South Sudan in 2016 become the sixth member of the East African Community (EAC) block after President Salva Kiir signed an ascension treaty in Tanzania’s commercial capital, Dar es Salaam.

It however lagged behind in adopting crucial protocols of the Community including the Customs Union and the Common Market Protocol, which allow harmonisation of levies, exemption of certain taxes on goods in the region and visa-less movement in the region.

It owed about $20 million as at the last Summit in February, although Juba promised to clear the deficit gradually.

Juba initially granted visas to visiting Kenyans at the airport or point of arrival. But it changed the policy in May, requiring travellers to apply online and travel only once the visas had been granted.

It argued it was safeguarding revenue leakages at the time.

The waiver comes barely a few months after South Sudan President Salva Kiir appealed to the neighboring countries for a visa waiver, particularly between South Sudan on one hand and Kenya and Uganda on the other.

President Kiir believes easing movement restrictions would facilitate trade and investment in the region.

The three East African countries charge about Sh5, 422 ($50) for a single-entry visa for ordinary citizens.

The Central Bank of Kenya data, sourced from the Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA), shows that last year, exports to countries classified as “others”, including South Sudan, rose at the sharpest pace of 23.13 percent to Sh53.62 billion. –

Woman caught smuggling £5.5m from UK to Dubai jailed

Tara Hanlon, who was stopped at Heathrow Airport with suitcases full of cash (PA media)


A recruitment manager who plotted to smuggle more than £5 million from the UK to Dubai when she was cash-strapped on furlough has been jailed.

Tara Hanlon, 30, was stopped at Heathrow Airport as she attempted to board a flight with five suitcases filled with cash totaling £1.9 million.

She claimed to be unaware of the amount of money involved but phone records revealed she had already successfully smuggled £3.5 million on three previous trips to Dubai.

Hanlon, who was furloughed from her job as an operations manager at Leeds recruitment firm Goodall Brazier last March, had also discussed recruiting others to the scam, Isleworth crown court heard.

“There’s clearly an element of greed here”, said Judge Karen Holt, jailing Hanlon for 34 months.

“You were motivated by personal gain, and it was criminal conduct over a sustained period, when it was a very difficult time and very few were travelling. But you were.”

The court heard Hanlon had been recruited as a money mule by Michelle Clarke, a woman she believed worked at Sky and had recently relocated to Dubai.

Prosecutor Nathan Rasiah said Hanlon was stopped on October 3 last year as she tried to board a late-night business class flight, and told officials she had five suitcases because “she wasn’t sure what to wear” on her girls’ trip abroad.

“The officer searched her and her luggage, finding quantities of cash vacuum-packed and covered in coffee powder”, he said.

Hanlon said she had been handed the bags by a driver, with instructions to declare the cash once she landed in Dubai. She claimed she had been asked to fly out to Dubai to do Clarke’s hair, in return for free flights and accommodation.

However evidence from her phone showed a deeper involvement in the smuggling operation.

Hanlon had suggested a friend who might also like to work as a ‘mule’, while messages indicated she had turned to crime to clear her debts.

Mr Rasiah said she was paid £3,000 per trip, and celebrated receiving “three big ones” to allow her to “live her best life”.

Hanlon had also discussed with Clarke how recruits would need to be “fit” to carry the suitcases loaded with cash.

Stephen Grattage, mitigating, said Hanlon’s mother died at the start of the first Covid-19 pandemic, just a day before she was furloughed from work.

“People furloughed really did think they weren’t going to be going back to those jobs, and the enormity of it was mixed for this defendant with grief and loss of friendship and colleagues during lockdown.”

He said Hanlon suspected the trips were illegal, but had convinced herself it was allowed as the cash was declared on arrival in Dubai. Hanlon, from Leeds, pleaded guilty to three counts of removing criminal property and a charge of attempting to remove criminal property.

UK Minister apologises after travellers complain of ‘total chaos’ at airports

Queues mounted up at Heathrow on Saturday as people had to show their COVID documentation despite already checking in online


Two hour-long queues to show COVID-19 documentation before being allowed airside were reported at Heathrow on Saturday, while there were complaints of a lack of staff at Stansted Airport causing “chaotic scenes”.

Airports and airlines were expecting their busiest weekend of the year, with hundreds more flights and thousands more passengers than at any time during the COVID pandemic.
Speaking to Times Radio, crime and policing minister Kit Malthouse apologised for the delays and suggested that airline staff could be among those made exempt from having to isolate if identified as a close contact of someone who tests positive for coronavirus.

COVID-19: Sajid Javid criticised as ‘insensitive’ after telling people not to ‘cower from’ the virus
“I know Border Force are one of the frontline services that will be able to access more of this test and release,” he said.

“And I think at Heathrow yesterday we had a technical issue with the e-gates where they went down for 90 minutes or so. That caused a problem and I’m very sorry about that, and I’m sorry for the people that were inconvenienced.

“Hopefully Border Force will be relieved of some of the aspects of the pingdemic.”

Asked if airline staff could be made exempt as well, he said: “Yes, we would be in conversation with employers.”

Heathrow was expecting to welcome about 128,000 passengers over this weekend, although that is down from pre-pandemic daily volumes of around 230,000 to 260,000 in July 2019.

Chief executive John Holland-Kaye said more staff would be deployed to make sure passengers had a “smooth journey”.

However, Fiona Brett, a violinist travelling to Frankfurt with the Chamber Orchestra of Europe, said she had to queue for two hours at Heathrow on Saturday to show her COVID vaccination certificate to staff at check-in, despite already checking in online.

Ms Brett, from Watlington, Oxfordshire, said the “total chaos” meant her 9.30am flight was delayed.

“They were constantly calling people out of the queue for the next flight that was closing,” she said.

“Actually it would have been better to turn up at 8.30 and get called from the back of the queue to the front – total chaos.

“I believe the queues were caused not by too many people but by the airlines having to do all the extra checks before properly checking in.”

Other passengers vented their frustrations via social media about the queues at Stansted Airport, with one labelling the scenes “chaotic”.

Manchester Airports Group said it was expecting 958 flights at Manchester Airport from Friday to Monday, 224 at East Midlands Airport and 1,330 at Stansted.

This is an increase from the same weekend last year, when 632, 177 and 735 flights respectively took off.

But it is still significantly fewer than over the same period in 2019 – 2,512, 503 and 2,139 respectively.

Gatwick Airport was expecting to see around 250 to 260 flights and between 25,000 and 27,000 passengers a day over this weekend, up from a low of just 15 flights a day at one point in the pandemic.

Budget airline easyJet said it was expecting to transport some 135,000 passengers from the UK this weekend across more than 80 routes to a variety of green and amber-list destinations in Europe.

A total of 251 flights were due to take-off, flying to destinations including Malta, Madeira, Malaga in Spain, Faro and Lisbon in Portugal, and Corfu and Athens in Greece.

Tui said it had almost double the numbers of passengers setting off this weekend compared to last, with the Balearic islands and Greece the “clear favourites” for Britons jetting off for some sun.

Jet2 had 170 flights going to more than 40 destinations, up from around 70 flights to six places last weekend.

A traffic light system for international travel has been in operation since May, with destinations given a green, amber or red designation.

People returning from green list countries do not have to quarantine when they get back, but only a handful of European tourist hotspots are in this tier.

Travellers coming back from amber list countries have to isolate upon their return, but there is an exemption for those who are fully vaccinated as well as under 18s.

Spain, Italy and Greece are on the amber list.